Gum Disease, Causes, Symptoms And How To Prevent It

gum disease and how to prevent it

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Are you starting to notice your gums becoming swollen or detaching from your teeth? That is not a good sign, as you may be having a gum disease at its early stage.

Now is probably just the right time for you to see a dentist………Yes! NOW you need to see a dentist to avoid losing your teeth.

Most adults are usually faced with some form of gum disease at a period in their life. These disease usually range from simple gum inflammation, called gingivitis, to a serious damage to the tissue and bone that supports the teeth. In the worst cases, you can lose your teeth if you do nothing serious about it at the early stage.

In gingivitis, the gums turns red and becomes swollen. They can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. You can usually control and stop it with daily brushing of the teeth and flossing and regular cleanings by a dentist or dental hygienist.


Untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. In periodontitis, the gums pulls itself from the teeth and creates pockets that become infected. If not treated, the bones, gums and connective tissue that support the teeth are usually damaged.


The primary cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene, this leads to accumulation of a mycotic and bacterial matrix at the gum line, it’s also called dental plaque. Other causes are underlying medical conditions like diabetes and poor nutrition.

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Smoking also causes the occurrence of periodontitis, directly or indirectly. The main reason for this is that smoking has several effects on the immune system response including:

  • Decreased wound healing
  • Suppresses antibody production
  • It reduces neutrophilic phagoytosis
Read also: How To Stop Smoking Cigarettes Easily


Gum disease is often not so pronounced, this means that the symptoms may cease to appear until an advanced stage of the gum disease.

However, the signs of gum disease include the following below:

  • Bleeding while brushing, flossing, or eating hard food
  • Sores in your mouth
  • Bad breath for a long while
  • A difference in the fit of partial dentures
  • Gums that are pulling away from the teeth or receding, causing the teeth to look longer than before
  • Loose or separating teeth
  • Pus between your gums and teeth
  • A difference in how your teeth align together when you bite
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures
  • Red, tender or swollen gums or some irritation in your mouth

Many people don’t know that they have a serious infection that can lead to tooth loss.


Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is caused when bacteria in plaque (a sticky, colorless film that forms in the mouth) builds up between the gums and teeth.
The moment these bacteria begin to grow, the gums surrounding the tooth can become inflamed. If it is not treated, this inflammation may cause the gums and supporting bone structure to deteriorate. This can go a long way to cause gum recession or even tooth loss.

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To add to these, research has shown that gum disease may be associated with other diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease.

Luckily, periodontal disease can be avoided. Including these habits to your daily routine can help you avoid gum diseases.

You do not want to get caught up, so you follow these tips……

1. Brush your teeth. Brushing your teeth after every meal time will help remove the food debris and plaque that are trapped in between your teeth and gums. Do not let your tongue to be left out when brushing, bacteria loves to hide there.

gum disease and how to prevent it

2. Always Floss. Flossing at least one time every day can help remove food particles and plaque between the teeth and along the gum line that your toothbrush can’t quite reach.

3. Swish with mouthwash. Use a mouthwash, it can help reduce plaque and can remove remaining food particles that brushing and flossing missed.

4. Know your risk. Your age, smoking habit, your diet and genetics can all increase your risk for periodontal disease. Whenever you notice that you are at increased risk, be sure to talk with your dental professional.

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Gum Disease, Causes, Symptoms And  How To Prevent It