Sexually Transmitted Infections, Types, Medications And How To Avoid Them

sexually transmitted infections

Sexually transmitted infections as the name implies are infections that are transferred during a sexual contact with another person that has the infection. The

The causes of Sexually Transmitted Infections are bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses. There are more than 20 types of Sexually Transmitted Infections, including the ones below

  • HPV
  • Chlamydia
  • Genital herpes
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis

Most Sexually Transmitted Infections affect both the male and female folks, but in many cases the health issues they can cause is usually more severe for women. If a pregnant woman has a Sexually Transmitted Infection , it can cause a very serious health problems for the infant.

Antibiotics are usually used to treat Sexually Transmitted Infections that are caused by bacteria, yeast, or parasites. There is no cure for Sexually Transmitted Infections that are caused by a virus, but some drugs can sometimes help with the symptoms and keep the disease under control.

Correct and consistent use of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate, the risk of contracting or spreading Sexually Transmitted Infections to other people. The best way to avoid Sexually Transmitted Infections is to not have any anal, vaginal, or even oral sex with anybody. By abstaining sex, an individual has the chance to live long without having to be afraid of contacting Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Signs and symptoms of some sexually transmitted infections


  • Pains when passing on urine
  • Pains at the lower abdomen
  • Discharge in women
  • Discharge from the penis in men
  • Pain during sexual intercourse in women
  • Bleeding between periods in women
  • Pains on the testis in men
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  • Discharge of thick, cloudy or bloody substance from the penis or vagina
  • Pain or burning sensation when passing urine
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding or bleeding between periods
  • Painful and swollen testicles
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Anal itching


  • Discharge of a clear, white, greenish or yellowish substance from the vagina
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Strong vaginal odour
  • Vaginal itching or irritation
  • Itching or irritation inside the penis
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Painful urination


  • Rashes
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Sore throat

Late-stage HIV infection

The Signs and symptoms of late-stage HIV infection include:

  • Persistent, and unexplained fatigue
  • Lots of night sweats
  • Chronic fever higher than 100.4 F (38 C) for several weeks
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes usually more than 3 months
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Persistent headaches
  • Unusual, opportunistic infections

Medications Used for Treating Sexually Transmitted Infections


Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors

abacavir, didanosine (ddl), lamivudine (3TC), stavudine (d4T), zalcitabine (ddC), zidovudine (ZDV)

Protease Inhibitors

indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, lopinavir plus ritonavir

Nonnucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors

delavirdine, efavirenz, nevirapine






ceftriaxone, cefixime, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin

Gonorrhea and chlamydia can occur in tandem, in which event the doctor might prescribe a regimen of ceftriaxone plus doxycycline or azithromycin.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)


cefotetan or cefoxitin plus doxycycline, clindamycin plus gentamicin, ofloxacin plus metronidazole

Typically, two antibiotics are prescribed.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Topical Preparations (creams and solutions that the  patient applies directly to the affected area)

imiquimod, podophyllin, podofilox, fluorouracil (5-FU), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), interferon

Genital Herpes


acyclovir, famciclovir, valacyclovir



penicillin—doxycycline or tetracycline only if allergic to penicillin

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