Arthritis : causes, symptoms and how to treat it

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Arthritis is usually used to describe disorders that affect the joints.

Arthritis is has been known to be a predominant disease of the elderly people, but children can also be affected by the disease. Statistics has it that more than 70% of individuals in North America affected by arthritis are over the age of 65. Arthritis is very common in women than in men at all ages and affects all races, ethnic groups and cultures.

In the United States a survey based on data from 2007–2009 showed 22.2% (49.9 million) of adults aged above 18 years had self-reported doctor-diagnosed arthritis, and 9.4% (21.1 million or 42.4% of those with arthritis) had arthritis-attributable activity limitation (AAAL). With an aging population, this number is expected to rise in future

Symptoms of arthritis may include:

  • Pain in the joints, and stiffness:
  • Some other symptoms include: Warmth, redness, or swelling in the affected part of the joints.
  • Diarrhea
  • Orogenital ulceration
  • Bursitis (swollen bursa)
  • Tenosynovitis
  • Oedema
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Cutaneous vasculitis
  • Cutaneous nodules
  • Inability to use the hand or walk
  • Stiffness, which may be worse in the morning.
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Poor sleep
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Tenderness
  • Difficulty moving the joint
  • Muscle weakness
  • Loss of flexibility
  • Decreased aerobic fitness
    It is common in advanced arthritis for significant secondary changes to occur. For example, arthritic symptoms might make it difficult for a person to move around and or exercise, which can cause secondary effects.
    These changes, in addition to the primary symptoms, can have a huge impact on quality of life.You might have questions on how to treat arthritis and we will be discussing that below.

Treatment for arthritis

Arthritis is usually treated by resting, application of heat or ice on the affected part, exercise or sometimes joint replacement which is often costly and not affordable to many people.

Medications include ibuprofen and paracetamol.

Arthritis is known to have no cure for either rheumatoid or osteoarthritis. Treatment options are different depending on the kind of arthritis and include physical therapy , lifestyle changes (including exercise and weight control), orthopedic bracing , and medications. Joint replacement surgery may be recommended in eroding forms of arthritis. Medications can help to reduce the inflammation in the joint which decreases the pain felt. However, by decreasing inflammation, the duration for joint damage may be reduced.

Check out for treatment below